Though they’re just curious, these actions do cause pain and sometimes bleeding in the Sultans. They are good fliers and fences are must for keeping them confined. A Miss Elizabeth Watts of Hampstead introduced them to England from Turkey in 1854 and the breed almost became extinct in the period between the two World Wars. Sultans, like all chickens, are actually quite intelligent. However, if the weather is warm and dry, and you are there to supervise them (i.e., protect them), Sultans love to free range. Roosters: 5-6 lbsHens: 4 lbsBantam roosters: 26 ozBantam hens: 22 oz. As long as the conditions are dry and your Sultans have access to shade and also to cold, fresh water, they can handle the heat. The breed appear in three color varieties; Black, Blue and White. Many Sultan chickens die fairly young because their keepers do not give them the care they need. They have several notable characteristics, including: Full trilobed beards (a trilobed beard is a beard and two cheek muffs), V-shaped combs (also called devil’s combs or horn combs), Wings carried low so that they hide the thighs and upper hocks, Vulture hocks (i.e., the quill feathers found on the hocks are rigid and point backwards), Five toes on each foot (rather than the usual four). To keep Sultans from going extinct, they have been mixed with other crested breeds, such as Houdan and Polish chickens. https://www.communitychickens.com/breed-profile-sultan-chicken-zbw1911ztil It is an ornamental breed originating in Turkey. The head has a muff, three clumps of feathers which form a beard and a very large, globular crest. The regular-sized Sultan chickens are smaller than the average chicken. Sultan chickens are something special. One chicken keeper said about her Sultan hen in the winter, “…[She] doesn’t look so hot anymore.”, She continues, “She’s lost most of her tail feathers (stress?) They are friendly, calm, and docile. If your chickens have feathers covering their eyes, they can get eye infections. https://www.mypetchicken.com/chicken-breeds/Sultan-B104.aspx The neck has a very heavy plumage which gives the head a shortened appearance. Below is a video of a Sultan rooster named Toothless. Quail Sometimes regular-sized Sultans may be found in black, blue, or even lavender, although none of these varieties are officially recognized. Bantams are essentially miniature versions of … A little digging on the internet, and you’ll find loads of stories, videos, and photos of Sultan chickens who have lost their legs to frostbite. As an associate, I earn from qualifying purchases at no extra cost to you. ), Sultan health problems and life expectancy, Other breeds you may want instead of Sultan chickens. Some may live considerably longer. Choosing & Raising Chickens: The Complete Guide to Breeds and Welfare. Sultan chickens are highly susceptible to predation, to frostbite, and to chicken bullying (it’s not uncommon for them to get pecked to death by larger breeds). The main reason Sultan chickens cannot handle wet or muddy conditions is because they have those adorable leg and feet feathers. Today Sultan chicken is a very rare breed and also used for exhibition. You will find numerous anecdotes of Sultan chicken keepers going into their coops in the morning only to find that their Sultan hen or rooster had been pecked to death by the other chickens the night before. Still interested? The American Poultry Association only recognizes White Sultans as official, but the American Bantam Association also recognizes Black and Blue Sultan Bantams. The Sultan chicken is a very old breed. Sultans made their way over to North America in 1867 and were accepted into the Standard of Perfection with the National Poultry Association seven years later. The rooster in this video is walking around on dry leaves in dry conditions, so his feathers look great, but can you imagine what his legs and feet would look like in mud? Although Sultans’ crests are supposed to be small enough that they can still see, this is not the case for many strains. Sultans are an ornamental breed of chicken that originated in Turkey. Unfortunately, they’re much more interested in the treats than his romantic efforts.). They need protection from predators, warm and dry housing, and similarly gentle companion breeds for company. https://www.mypetchicken.com/catalog/Baby-Chicks/White-Sultan-p576.aspx However, in recent years, hatcheries have started selling Sultans and the birds are slowly becoming more popular. 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