( Log Out / Italy’s Eni is the largest foreign oil producer in the country, but it’s facing competition from France’s Total, which is expanding its operations there. It is, therefore, not hard to imagine, what Haftar’s capture of Tripoli would mean for Turkey. Italy, on the other hand is critical of France’s role in Libya as the North African state was an Italian colony and Rome wants to keep its influence there. However, USA’s role has been dubious with officially supporting the GNA but also voicing support for Haftar’s offensive. Talks on Libya are set to be held in the German capital on Sunday as part of the so-called Berlin process, a German-led mediation effort launched last year in support of the U.N. peace process. Putin’s Russia is on the resurgence in the International Politics particularly after the events of 2014. Haftar’s major offensive in 2014 was supported by Emirati planes that struck Benghazi but had flown from Egyptian airbase. He abolished the Libyan Constitution of 1951, considering it a neocolonial document. Libya Revolt of 2011, popular uprising in Libya inspired by the Arab Spring revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia. Libyan Army General attacks Islamist groups in Benghazi. Second, Turkey’s renewed resolve in Libya is both a geopolitical and economic adventure aimed at securing its share in Mediterranean energy. The GNA government not only hosts a large number of Turkish workers operating its oil refineries but guarantees oil supplies to Ankara worth $20 Billion. The Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA), led by Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, is recognized by the United Nations and backed by a host of militias. POLITICO’s weekly newsletter on campaigning, lobbying and political influence in the U.K. Log in to access content and manage your profile. The participants of the conference agreed on finding a political solution to the problem and ensuring ceasefire between the belligerents. The reports by UN panel in the past revealed that the arms embargo imposed on Libya in February 2011 by the United Nations, was repeatedly and bluntly violated by foreign states. The Haftar controlled region borders with Egypt and therefore it has been an easy task for Egypt to channel weapons for Haftar’s LNA. France is sceptical of radicals Islamists in Tripoli assisting the GNA as counter-terrorism forms the major agenda of French National Security after 2015 Paris attack. Latest news, analysis and comment from POLITICO’s editors and guest writers on German politics. First, the GNA is assisted by Islamist factions, including the Muslim Brotherhood which has been actively supported by Turkey and Qatar in the Middle East, much to the anguish of Egypt and UAE which are bitterly hostile to political Islam in general and Muslim Brotherhood in particular. Here is What Joe Biden's Victory means for US-Pakistan Relations, Pakistan Ideology: A pillar of National Integration, Pakistan-Bangladesh Rapprochement and the China Factor, Service Road North, I-10/2, Islamabad, Pakistan. Where Turkey and Egypt are locking horns against each other by supporting GNA and LNA respectively along with their allies, it is imperative to understand the prominence of Russian role which has been a hot debate since Moscow’s deployment of at least 200 mercenaries of Wagner Group which has ties with Kremlin. On the other hand, The GNA has the support of Turkey, Qatar and European Union. It was reported that the UN-recognised GNA led by Sarraj was being militarily supported by Turkey and in June 2019, Turkey officially confirmed the reports. Nine months on, the offensive has resulted in a volatile stalemate. About The AuthorAbubakar Farooqui is the brains behind Rationale 47. The GNA is … The GNA includes a Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated faction. The Libyan conflict is the result of a complex and controversial series of developments, where local political events have been strongly influenced and driven by exogenous factors. The French government officially denies supporting Haftar, but views the warlord as the best option to clamp down on extremism. France’s oil giant ‘Total’ has access to oil fields in the Eastern Libya which are under the control of Haftar’s LNA. As civil war erupts, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria captures port city of Derna. Besides ideological reasons, Turkey has another reason to support the GNA: Ankara and the al-Sarraj government recently signed a contentious maritime boundary agreement that would see Turkey claim parts of the eastern Mediterranean, an area thought to contain vast gas reserves, as its own. He stepped down as expected the same da y and was . This development has further intricated the conflict where multiple powers are involved for various dimensions of interests. 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