They do not help in increasing the productivity as their efforts are not economic. 20. First, agriculture and allied sectors, commonly known as the primary sector. Question 18. Explain with examples. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics: Ch 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy. If work is not provided within 15 days of applying, applicants are entitled to an unemployment allowance. Every rural household is entitled to 100 days of employment. 12.“Tertiary sector is not playing any significant role in the development of Indian economy.” Do you agree? Answer: If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Economics Chapter 2 Sectors of Indian Economy, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. For example – there is no sick leave for labourers working on daily wages. 1. These questions will act as extra questions. Basic services: In any country, several services such as hospitals, educational institutions, post and telegraph services, police stations, courts, village administrative offices, municipal corporations, defence, transport, banks and insurance companies, are required. Disguised employment is mostly found in the rural areas. Also, they can prepare for their board exams by referring to these answers. Explain with the help of an example. The GDP, which is the Gross Domestic Product, is the value of all final goods and services produced within a country during a particular year. 26. Question 6. Answer: These answers will assist them in expressing their answers in an effective way. These people are not permanently employed. [CBSE Sept. 2013] Ans. (1) Tertiary sector activities themselves do not produce a good. In 1973, share was nearly 10 to 15% but it has increased from 20 to 22% in 2003. → Employment percent during the period of 1972-73, 74% people of India are engaged in primary sector while only 15% are involved in tertiary sector. The total income of the city in this year (1997-1998) was Rs 60,000 million. The answer map is given below. (ii) Teacher, doctor, vegetable vendor, lawyer. Dec 01, 2020 - Sectors of Indian Economy - NCERT Solution, Class 10 SST | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 10. Teaching, mining, banking, transportation are all examples of the tertiary sector. Answer: 9. Question 1. What is the percentage of workers in the unorganised sector in this city? Being outside the control of the government, no rules and regulations are followed regarding the employment and working conditions. Answer: The Vegetable vendor is the odd one out because he works in the primary sector, while jobs of teacher, lawyer and doctor come under the tertiary sector. Less use of modern technology and knowhow among the farmers to increase crop productivity. Unorganised. Students who are finding it difficult to obtain answers to the exercise problems may refer to NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science. Environmental degradation is not restricted to national or state boundaries. Also Check: CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2020-2021 2. There is no job security and anyone can be fired and removed from their work as per the requirement of the labourers. If a country has a high employment rate, its GDP, National Income and per capita income will automatically increase. Demands for service like schools, health department and nursing homes have increased. Required fields are marked *, NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science. The unorganised sector is given no medical security and if any accident occurs while they are working, the employer is not responsible for their health. Answer: There are rules and regulations but these are not followed. Answer: Primary or agriculture and related sector. Economic activities are classified into groups using some important criterion. In urban areas; a shop may be shared by many brothers and all of them may be working in the same shop. Sectors of Indian Economy Class 10 Extra Questions Economics Chapter 2. When we produce a good by exploiting natural resources, it is an activity of the primary sector e.g., the cultivation of cotton. The following are examples of industries that are considered part of the tertiary sector. The secondary sector has grown by about 10% in … Could there be other issues which should be examined? Jobs here are low-paid and often not regular. Once manufactured, the vehicles are sold through various trading agencies. 3. CBSE / MCQ OBJECTIVE QUESTION AND ANSWER. 4. Class 10 SST MCQ Questions With Answer, CBSE, NCERT MCQ. Question 16. Give five reasons for the rising importance of the tertiary sector in production Give four reasons for the rising of the tertiary sector in India. These activities are different from the primary and secondary sector activities. Answer: The situation of underemployment, where people are apparently working but all of them are made to work less than their potential is called disguised unemployment. The following are examples of industries that are considered part of the tertiary sector. It is the value of all the final goods and services that are produced in a country within a particular year. Do you think the classification of economic activities into primary, secondary and tertiary is useful? In what way can you classify them? These activities are an aid or support for the production process. It refers to a situation wherein more people are engaged in a work than required. Answer: Tourist Guide is … 23. usually not registered with the government. Answer: Explain. Answer: Question 24. Workers in unorganised sector urban areas need protection because, besides getting the irregular and low- paid work, these workers also face social discrimination. The tertiary sector has emerged as the largest producing sector in India replacing the primary sector. 6. Why is the primary sector called agriculture and related sector ? Employees work in poor working conditions. For example: For example: (a) In the primary sector, we need the service of transportation for getting the supply of the agricultural inputs and also for selling the food grains in the market or supplying the agricultural raw materials to the agrobased industries. At times, it may be necessary to store these goods in godowns. In urban areas, disguised unemployment is seen when painters, plumbers, electricians are unable to find work on a daily basis and work way less than their potential. Promotion of small-scale industries and encouragement to self-employment. Economic activities and detail of the three sectors, Importance and contribution of the three sectors in the Indian economy. (ii) Demand for services such as transport, trade, storage will increase with the development of primary and secondary sectors. 3. Other issues which should be examined are as follows: 8. are the responsibility of the government in developing countries. We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Economics Chapter 2 Sectors of Indian Economy help you. Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket: a. This kind of employment is quite evident in villages where people working in farms consider themselves employed but are actually working less than their potential. Jobs here are low paid and not regular. (V. Imp) Answer: No, I do not agree to this point. In the passed more than 100 years, there have been a further shift from secondary to tertiary sector in developed countries. In rural areas, where agriculture is the main source of income, this kind of unemployment can be seen often. Manufacturing again need the support of the service sector in the form of engineers, electricians, etc. CBSE 10 Economics 01 Development 3 Topics | 4 Quizzes 1.1 Development 1.1 Development - Test. Find the odd one out and say why. There are rules and regulations but these are not followed. Do you agree with this view? Answer: MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. Question 9. Explain the working condition of workers in unorganized sector. Employees work in poor working conditions. Class 10 Social Science chapter wise NCERT solution for Social Science part 1 part 2 Part 3 and Part 4 for all the chapters can be downloaded from our website and myCBSEguide mobile app for free. Primary Sector: cultivation of sugar cane After primary and secondary sectors, there is a third sector called the service sector also known as tertiary sector. (iv) MTNL, Indian Railways, Air India, Jet Airways, All India Radio, Answer: Jet Airways is the odd one out because it is owned by a private company and MTNL, Indian Railways, Air India and All India Radio are owned by the Government of India. When we see people around us, we can classify their employment sector in either of the three classifications. Answer: The sector is also the service sector and is important when you consider the development of the other two sectors. Public. 21. Hence proper and fixed wages should be given to these workers so that they can grow and contribute to the growth of the country. With the example of sugar cane, explain the interdependence of all the three sectors of economy. Question 7. In this sector, goods are produced with the raw materials from the primary sector. Urban unemployment is characterised by the existence of both open unemployment, which in turn is an offshoot of rural unemployment itself, and the educated unemployment. Health: Health is a very important factor for the growth and development of the country. Sectors of Indian Economy Class 10 NCERT Notes Economic activities are classified into groups using some important criterion. Explain the objectives of implementing the NREGA 2005 Guaranteed Employment: Any adult member of a rural household applying for work under the Act is entitled to employment. Since 1990, a large number of workers are losing their jobs in primary sector. What does GDP stand for? Ans. The employees in this sector are paid less. During India’s independence, this sector had the biggest share in the GDP of India but now it contributes around 17% of Indian GDP. The entire tertiary sector has not grown in importance because of the following reasons: Question 29. These can be considered as basic services. 22. Answer: Answer: The public sector is the sector that comes under the government of India. If these departments are left unattended, it will result in the downfall of the economy of a country because the growth of the country would stop. Health insurance should be made mandatory for them. Tertiary 3. (i) It is situation under which people are apparently working but all of them are made to work less than their potential. We may also need to talk to others over telephone or send letters (communication) or borrow money from banks (banking) to help production and trade. This iron is then taken to the secondary sector for manufacturing through the transportation system like trucks. The service sector consists of the production of services instead of end products.Services (also known as "intangible goods") include attention, advice, access, experience, and affective labor.The production of information has been long regarded as a service, but some economists now attribute it to a fourth sector, the quaternary sector.. The economic development of a country depends upon the development of the people and if people are deprived of the basic necessities, the country’s economic development would be affected. Sale of sugar by wholesalers and retailers. Name the sector which forms the base for all other products. They seem to be making no contribution. Which are the three sectors of economic activities ? Guaranteed Wages: Wages are to be paid on a weekly basis and not beyond a fortnight. Here we present Sectors of the Indian Economy Class 10 Important Questions and Answers Pdf Social Science Economics Chapter 2, We have collected all the important questions which came in the previous year’s exams. Its extremely critical for all CBSE students to practice all MCQs which will help them in gaining better marks in examinations. Though tertiary sector is not playing the role of providing employment over expectation, the primary sector continues to be the largest employer even in the year 2000. Sectors of the Indian Economy. Why does this sector produce only a quarter of the National GDP? Zigya App. Since these activities generate services rather than goods, they promote primary and secondary sectors by providing expertise, fiance, transportation, advertisement, etc. It also states that in the case of employment not being provided under this act, employment wages will be given to those left unemployed. What constitutes the unorganized sector in urban areas? In urban areas, there are many people who are employed. class 10th Economics 2 See answers earspasmusic earspasmusic Answer: The tertiary sector covers a wide range of activities from commerce to administration, transport, financial and real estate activities, business and personal services, education, health and social work. Explain with an example. Government encourages small and large industries to flourish and provides employment under this section. After which, the sugar is transported to various markets, where it is sold by retailers and wholesalers which is part of tertiary sector. In order to increase employment opportunities for the people more industries should be set up, proper education must be provided to all and proper facilities under the public sector must be provided to all. We hope the given MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science Sectors of Indian Economy with Answers will help you. Therefore, environmental degradation is a serious issue which has grabbed the attention of all countries irrespective of boundaries because protecting the environment is the need of the hour at the global level. Explain the meaning of disguised employment with the help of an example Explain disguised unemployment with two examples, one from urban areas and other from rural areas. Primary sector forms the base for all other products. These questions will act as extra questions. All the three sectors, primary, secondary and tertiary, are interdependent to each other in the following ways. Disguised unemployment is a kind of unemployment in which some people look like being employed but are actually not employed fully. (a) The sectors are classified into public and private sector on the basis of: Answer: The unorganised sector is characterised by small and scattered units, which are largely outside the control of the government. Why is the tertiary sector becoming so important in India? In the year 2000, the share of the Primary sector in GDP was 27.33%, the secondary section was 24.37% and the tertiary sector was 48.30%. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics: Ch 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy Question 14. Hence, these are the two things which have been given major emphasis in this chapter. The following are the features of the unorganized sector. Answer : The ownership of the assets in … The percentage of workers in the unorganised sector are 70% (50+20). In the last decade, the field of information technology has grown, and consequently, the GDP share of the tertiary sector has grown from around 40% in 1973 to more than 50% in 2003. Service sector 2. To assist you with that, we are here with notes. For example, transport, communication, storage, CBSE Maths notes, CBSE physics notes, CBSE chemistry notes. Ans. The development in the primary and secondary sectors led to a rapid growth of the tertiary sector in India. Acid rain and climate change are some transcontinental issues. The following factors are making the tertiary sector important in India. Question 25. We hope the given MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science Sectors of Indian Economy with Answers will help you. Iron is changed into iron sheets and then into vehicles for transportation. A study in Ahmedabad found that out of 15,00,000 workers in the city, 11,00,000 worked in the unorganised sector. 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Complete the table. How far is it correct to say that several services which cannot be provided by private sector can be … Chapter 2 of NCERT Social Science Economics textbook – Understanding Economic development will introduce students to the three major sectors of the Indian economy. These transportation facilities and shopkeepers come under the tertiary sector. The employment generation part of service sector is not growing in importance. Name the sector which helps in the development of primary and secondary sectors. Activities that fall under the service sector help in the development of the primary and secondary sectors by not directly producing a good but helping these sectors by activities that are an aid or a support for the production process. → Tertiary sector: provide support to other two sectors. Explain the interdependence of all three sectors giving examples from transportation system. Find videos, notes and more@learnfatafat The primary and secondary sectors can only flourish if the tertiary sector is there to support them. Protection and support to the unorganised sector workers is thus necessary for both economic and social development. How do tertiary sector activities help in the development of the primary and secondary sectors? Name the sector in which natural products are changed into other forms. Compelled to sell their grains to the local traders soon after harvest, In offices and factories registered with the government, number of workers employed in the enterprise, all intermediate and final goods and services. ... CBSE Class 10th Economics 2 - Sectors of the Indian Economy MCQs. Answer: In the organised sector, the employees are given higher wages, medical facilities, a healthy working environment and their jobs are permanent. In what ways can employment be increased in urban areas? If the extra seven people ard removed the productivity will be the same. The unorganised sector is characterised by small and scattered units, which are largely outside the control of the government. 1. The solutions for Chapter 2 – Sectors of the Indian Economy are given below. These people are permanently employed. The truth is that tertiary sector is playing a very significant role in the development of Indian economy. Tertiary sector: the services sector or the tertiary sector includes trade, transport and communication; financing, insurance, real estate, business services, etc. Give a few examples of public sector activities and explain why the government has taken them up. Answer: No, this is not correct. The agricultural sector (Primary) is the largest employer in India. Tertiary (Service) Sector Primary (Agriculture) Sector Secondary (Industrial) Sector produces natural goods produces manufactured goods helps to develop other sectors We begin by looking at different kind of economic activities. The share of tertiary sector to the GDP has increased but the contribution of which sector to employment is highest at present----1. Share of tertiary sector in GDP has increased. • We check only final goods and services. Solve free MCQ on mcq on sectors of indian economy, helpful for class 10 economics for CBSE board. A few reasons to support this are given below: The primary and secondary sectors can only flourish if the tertiary sector is there to support them. On the other hand, disguised unemployment is when a person is apparently working but is made to work less than his or her potential. These groups are known as sectors of an economy. 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